Overweight and obesity in Minnesota WIC children, age two up to five:
Overweight and obesity are determined using Body Mass Index (BMI) percentile. This means that a child's weight, height, age, and sex are all taken into account. For more information, see About the data.
Overweight and obesity in Minnesota WIC children
Overweight and obesity went up between 1990 and 2004 among children two up to five years of age. Since 2004, there have been small declines in both overweight and obesity. In 2014, 15% of children were overweight and 13% were obese.
Overweight and obesity by age in Minnesota WIC children
Overweight and obesity increase with age among young children. Four-year-olds are more likely to be overweight or obese compared to two- and three-year-olds.
Overweight and obesity by sex in Minnesota WIC children
Through early childhood, overweight and obesity are similar among boys and girls.
Overweight and obesity by race/ethnicity in Minnesota WIC children
Health inequities in overweight and obesity are seen among Minnesota's diverse racial and ethnic groups. Compared to other groups, obesity and overweight are highest among American Indian children.
Obesity in Minnesota WIC children
|Region||Obesity in WIC children|
|Big Stone County||5.4%|
|Blue Earth County||9.5%|
|Crow Wing County||11.0%|
|Lac qui Parle County||11.3%|
|Lake of the Woods County||15.8%|
|Le Sueur County||13.9%|
|Mille Lacs County||10.5%|
|Otter Tail County||11.2%|
|Red Lake County||12.7%|
|Saint Louis County||11.4%|
|Yellow Medicine County||15.3%|
These data are for low-income children two up to five years of age who participate in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program. The WIC Program is a nutrition and breastfeeding program that helps young families eat well, learn about nutrition, and stay healthy. Minnesota WIC promotes a healthy weight for both mother and child through these services:
- Individualized nutrition assessments and counseling on how to help children eat a healthy diet;
- Providing a more nutritious food package in 2009 to include low fat milk, whole grains, and fruits and vegetables;
- Monitoring appropriate weight gain and growth;
- Encouraging families to be physically active and to limit screen time for television, computers and video games;
- Referrals to community nutrition and physical activity resources;
- Promoting exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and breastfeeding with healthy foods for the first year of life; and
- Promoting appropriate weight gain during pregnancy.