School immunizations: facts & figures

Percent of Minnesota kindergartners:

Protect children through immunization

To protect the population from vaccine-preventable disease, Healthy People 2020 Immunization and Infectious Diseases goals call for 95 percent coverage among children in kindergarten for five vaccines (see table below).

Minnesota school immunization law

The School Immunization Law in Minnesota requires all students enrolled in grades kindergarten through 12 to show they have received certain immunizations or an exemption. Schools are required to report immunization data to MDH each year through the Annual Immunization Status Report (AISR). The AISR is a useful resource for monitoring immunization coverage rates in the state.

Required kindergarten vaccines*

Required Vaccines Required numbers of doses

Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (DTaP)

5**

Polio

4***

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

2

Hepatitis B (Hep B)

3

Varicella (chickenpox)

2

Notes:

*Kindergarten students must be up-to-date on all of the required vaccines, or submit an exemption, by the first day of school in order to remain enrolled.

**The fifth dose of DTaP is not required if the fourth dose was given on or after the child’s fourth birthday.

***The fourth dose of polio vaccine is not required if the third dose was given on or after the child’s fourth birthday.


Percent of kindergartners in Minnesota vaccinated, by vaccine type

In the 2015-16 school year, vaccination rates for kindergartners remained high in Minnesota – 90 percent or higher for each reported vaccine—providing a good base of protection. While vaccination rates remain high, we still have not met the Healthy People 2020 goal of having 95 percent coverage for kindergartners. Maintaining high coverage levels is important to protect the entire population from vaccine-preventable diseases.


Percent of kindergartners in Minnesota with non-medical exemption, by vaccine type

The percentage of kindergartners with non-medical vaccine exemptions has remained steady over the past six school years. The purple line shows the percentage of kindergartners that had a non-medical exemption for all of the required vaccines. A parent or guardian can exempt their child from the school immunization requirement if they submit a notarized statement to their school stating they have conscientiously held beliefs that prevent their child from getting the vaccines they specify.


Other immunization data

State-level vaccine coverage rates are also available from the CDC's National Immunization Survey (NIS) and the Minnesota Immunization Information Connection (MIIC). AISR data differ from MIIC and NIS data on several important factors including: the age group represented, method of collection, and the individual vaccines that are included.

For more information regarding childhood immunization rates from MIIC and the NIS, see: